The Surface tablet line set out its basic design rules with the very first generation of products and has largely stuck to its guns since. What we’ve seen, instead of wholesale reimagining, is a steady march of improvements to the display and chassis, helping the product feel just a bit more premium with every generation.

The earliest Surface Pro models were 13mm thick, while last year’s Surface Pro 3 shaved that down to 9.1mm. This year, we’re down to 8.4mm, despite increasing the size of the screen. Both the Surface Pro 3 and Surface Pro 4 are 1.7 pounds (771 grams) by themselves, or 2.5 pounds (1.13 kg) with their keyboard cover and stylus pens attached.

One of the biggest improvements to last year’s Surface Pro carries over here: the highly adjustable kickstand, which can be adjusted to nearly any angle between 22 and 150 degrees. The kickstand, which runs the entire width of the system, is stiff enough that it will stay where you put it, and hardly moves at all, even when using your fingers or the pen on the touchscreen.

Missing from the black bezel surrounding the screen this time around is the capacitive Windows logo touch button. In previous Surface models, this moved around from the long edge to the short edge of the system, but always served the same purpose: to take you back to the Windows 8 tile interface. As we’re now operating in the Windows 10 world, having a physical home button isn’t necessary, although the Windows 10 “tablet mode” is still very similar to what Window 8 looked like.

The pen, almost perfected

Also missing is the awkward plastic loop that used to tether the included stylus (Microsoft calls it a pen) to the keyboard cover. The new pen accessory is a little larger than the previous model, and has a flat edge along one side. This allows it to securely connect to the left or right edge of the tablet via a fairly strong magnetic connection. While it may seem dodgy if you plan on running around all day with your tablet, inserting and removing it from a backpack or shoulder bag, I found that the pen remained securely attached, even in my bag — although I’d recommend doing frequent spot-checks to make sure it hasn’t popped off.


The new Surface Pro 4 is Microsoft taking a victory lap — and a well-deserved one at that.

After three generations of pitching “a tablet that can replace your laptop” — with mixed success — the formula has finally clicked. The 2015 version of Microsoft’s tablet adds the latest Intel processors, a slightly larger screen (perfectly sized at 12.3 inches with a just-right 3:2 aspect ratio), and a handful of hardware and software tweaks, but doesn’t radically change the DNA of its predecessor, 2014’s excellent Surface Pro 3 . That’s a wise move, because at this point, the Surface Pro line is less about pitching the very concept of the tablet PC with a detachable keyboard to wary shoppers, and more about seeing how far it can go in refining the finished product.

Looking at the finely polished Pro 4, it’s worth remembering the humble beginnings of the Surface line . Debuting in 2012, Microsoft’s line of tablets were, if not outright mocked, then damned by faint praise at best: an overreach by a software-and-services company into the rough-and-tumble world of computer hardware; a Hail Mary response to the megasuccess of Apple’s iPad the previous year. Any design innovations — the snap-on keyboard, the fold-out kickstand — felt overwhelmed by quirks and compromises. Not the least of which was the choice of operating system: either the much-maligned Windows 8, or the the severely limited (and now deservedly extinct) Windows RT . In those early days, the Surface was looking less like an Xbox-style home run for Microsoft, and more a Zune -like fiasco.

But that’s all ancient history — call it the Ballmerzoic Era. The 2014 Surface Pro 3 became what Microsoft always hoped it would be: the flagship device for touch computing on Windows, the go-to alternative for those who wanted both a tablet and a laptop without feeling shortchanged on either front. The Surface Pro 4 refines the hardware formula even further, and with Windows 10 on board rather than Windows 8, the platform’s final big compromise evaporates too. Now, the Surface line is the design leader: Apple’s upcoming iPad Pro and Google’s Pixel C tablets are the ones aping Microsoft’s design, adding snap-on keyboards and ramping up the multitasking chops of their touch-first operating systems.

But, as a very refined product, the Surface Pro 4 is not inexpensive. The wide variety of configuration options and accessories mean that its starting price of $899, £749 or AU$1,349 is not very realistic. For that entry price, you get a Surface Pro tablet with an Intel Core M3 CPU, 128GB of solid state storage and 4GB of RAM, plus a touchscreen stylus that magnetically attaches to the side of the screen.

From the handful of systems we’ve tested with earlier Core M processors from Intel, it’s just not what you’re looking for from a full-time, all-day, everyday computer. The latest versions may be better, but we have yet to benchmark them in a consumer laptop or tablet. A more suitable choice for most will be the mainstream Intel Core i5. Microsoft has updated the processors across the board in the Surface Pro 4 line to Intel’s still-new sixth-generation models, sometimes referred to by the codename Skylake, and a configuration with a Core i5 jumps to $999. Double the storage to 256GB and the RAM to 8GB, and you’re at $1,299 (and that is the specific configuration tested here). You could spend more than $2,000 for an even faster Core i7 processor and bigger hard drive.

But no matter how much you spend on a Surface Pro 4, when you open the box and set it up, there will be one important missing ingredient. The Type Cover, a slim keyboard and screen protector in one, is still sold separately, no matter which Surface Pro 4 configuration you buy. From the earliest days of the Surface, that keyboard cover has rightly been called out as an impressive engineering feat, and the latest version even improves on that. It now features widely spaced island-style keys (like those found on practically every laptop), and a larger touchpad with a better touch surface.

Like the previous Type Covers, it connects via a magnetic hinge along the bottom of the tablet, and folds shut over the cover for easy transport. Also like previous Type Covers, it costs an extra $129, £109 or AU$199. We rarely see a Surface in Microsoft’s advertising materials or press previews without the keyboard cover attached, but for some reason, the company still won’t pack the most noteworthy part of the Surface ecosystem into the box. For such a premium product, it’s an omission that continues to mystify.

At least the touchscreen stylus — improved over last year’s version, and magnetically attachable to the tablet’s edge — is included by default. Likewise, the display is a tad larger (12.3 inches diagonally versus 12), without expanding the overall size of the tablet.

The one design issue that Microsoft hasn’t changed with the Surface Pro 4 is its “lapability” problem. When the keyboard is attached, its rear kickstand works well on a tabletop — but typing on your lap or in a crowded airline seat remains a logistical challenge. Instead, Microsoft has addressed this problem with a whole new sister product, the Surface Book . Billed as the “ultimate laptop,” it takes some of the Surface Pro’s design cues (detachable screen, impressive keyboard) and folds them into a more traditional notebook-style product with a strong hinge that keeps it from tipping back. The Surface Book is cool, and available in even more powerful configurations — but it lacks the Pro 4’s lighter weight and better portability.

Just as the Surface Pro is a full-time tablet and part-time laptop, the Surface Book is a full-time laptop and part-time tablet, and may be what someone looking for a combination of laptop and tablet features is really looking for. Detached from their respective keyboards, the two screens are difficult to distinguish at even a few feet away, and it makes one wonder if the next generation of these products won’t be a single high-performance tablet that combines with your choice of a clamshell laptop base or a portable keyboard cover. Now, that would be something that could truly be a no-compromise tablet and laptop at the same time.

Why Touch Screens Will Not Take Over

For decades the cynical observer could be forgiven for viewing Microsoft as a giant copying machine. The inspiration for just about every major Microsoft initiative can be traced back to a successful predecessor: Windows (Macintosh), Internet Explorer (Netscape), Bing (Google), Zune (iPod).

But in late 2012 Microsoft broke from the pack. It made a billion-dollar gamble that personal computing is taking a new direction. The gamble was Windows 8, and the direction is touch.

Using a series of fluid, light finger taps and swipes across the screen on a PC running Windows 8, you can open programs, flip between them, navigate, adjust settings and split the screen between apps, among other functions. It’s fresh, efficient and joyous to use—all on a touch-screen tablet.

But this, of course, is not some special touch-screen edition of Windows. This is the Windows. It’s the operating system that Microsoft expects us to run on our tens of millions of everyday PCs. For screens that do not respond to touch, Microsoft has built in mouse and keyboard equivalents for each tap and swipe. Yet these methods are second-class citizens, meant to be a crutch during these transitional times—the phase after which, Microsoft bets, touch will finally have come to all computers.

At first, you might think, “Touch has been incredibly successful on our phones, tablets, airport kiosks and cash machines. Why not on our computers?”

I’ll tell you why not: because of “gorilla arm.”

There are three big differences between these handy touch screens and a PC’s screen: angle, distance and time interval.

The screen of a phone or tablet is generally more or less horizontal. The screen of a desktop (or a laptop on a desk), however, is more or less vertical.

Phone, tablet and kiosk screens, furthermore, are usually close to your body. But desktop and laptop screens are usually a couple of feet away from you. You have to reach out to touch them. And then there’s the interval issue: you don’t sit there all day using a phone, tablet or airport kiosk, as you do with a PC.

Finally, you’re not just tapping big, finger-friendly icons. You’re trying to make tiny, precise movements on the glass, on a vertical surface, at arm’s length.

When Windows 7 came out, offering a touch mode for the first time, I spent a few weeks living with a couple of touch-screen PCs. It was a miserable experience. Part of the problem was that the targets—buttons, scroll bars and menus that were originally designed for a tiny arrow cursor—were too small for fat human fingers.

The other problem was the tingling ache that came from extending my right arm to manipulate that screen for hours, an affliction that has earned the nickname of gorilla arm. Some experts say gorilla arm is what killed touch computing during its first wave in the early 1980s.

(Another problem is finger grease. You can clean a phone’s screen by wiping it on your jeans, but that’s not as convenient with a 32-inch monitor.)

Now, half of Windows 8 addresses half of the touch-screen PC problems: Windows 8 is actually two operating systems in one. The beautiful, fluid front end is ideal for touch; only the underlying Windows desktop has the too-small-targets problem.

The angle and distance of PC screens are tougher nuts to crack. Microsoft is betting that Windows 8 will be so attractive that we won’t mind touching our PC screens, at least until the PC concept fades away entirely. Yet although PC sales have slowed, they won’t be zero any time soon.

My belief is that touch screens make sense on mobile computers but not on stationary ones. Microsoft is making a gigantic bet that I’m wrong.

Surprisingly, touchscreen laptops don’t suck

With Windows 8, touchscreens are more relevant than ever before. However, some pundits have long believed that a touchscreen simply doesn’t belong on a laptop. Sometimes, they quote Steve Jobs. “Touch surfaces don’t want to be vertical.” That’s Jobs in 2010, telling the world why Apple notebooks wouldn’t feature the technology.

“You can converge a toaster and a refrigerator, but those things are probably not gonna be pleasing to the user.” That one’s from Tim Cook earlier this year, explaining the company’s stance on convertible tablet PCs.

These were the opinions of the leaders of the most profitable tech company in the world. I believed them myself. And yet somehow, neither of them have kept me from instinctively, repeatedly touching the screen of my MacBook Air this month.

I review laptops for The Verge, and recently I’ve been using a string of Windows 8 touchscreen computers. I was prepared for disappointment from day one — prepared to say that while certain Windows 8 gestures are easier with a touchscreen, the overall idea isn’t very good. I was prepared to write that the Windows 8 interface was forcing unnecessary touchscreen controls on people who wouldn’t appreciate them, particularly if they were simply grafted onto a traditional laptop.

But the more I’ve used Windows 8, despite its faults, the more I’ve become convinced that touchscreens are the future — even vertical ones.


When Steve Jobs decried touchscreen laptops in 2010, he was merely relaying the common wisdom of decades of user experience research into “gorilla arm syndrome.” Simply put, it’s the idea that if you hold out your arm in front of a touchscreen for an extended period of time, it’s not going to be particularly comfortable. However, that assumes an awful lot — what if you’re not holding your arms out in space waiting to touch things, but resting them comfortably on a keyboard?

The touchscreen is a complement for mouse and keyboard We’ve been looking at this all wrong. A touchscreen isn’t a replacement for a keyboard or mouse, it’s a complement. If I want to type things on my laptop and have enough room to comfortably open that clamshell and stretch out my arms, the keyboard’s still my best bet. I’m not going to touch-type 70 words per minute on a touchscreen keyboard. But when I’m in the cramped quarters of a train, plane, or standing in a line — say, when the only thing standing between a critical email and its recipient is a few dozen words and a tap of the button marked “Send” — I can grab that Windows 8 laptop by its hinged section, one hand on either side of the screen, and tap out that message with my thumbs.


Perhaps that’s an extreme example, though. Even in everyday use, I find myself touching the screens of computers (whether they have touchscreens or not) because I can do things faster and more intuitively.

If you want to launch a program on your desktop, which makes more sense? Reach down to a special glass surface and drag a finger across it just long enough to land a floating pointer arrow on top of the icon, and then tap? Which makes more sense? Or simply reach up to a visible icon and tap it? Why try to aim that pointer at a little X icon, or remember keyboard shortcuts like Alt-F4, when I can just swipe down from the top of the screen to close a Windows 8 program? Why painstakingly zoom a web browser in 10 percent increments using a disembodied keyboard or trackpad when you can smoothly manipulate it between your fingers with pinch-to-zoom? I now find myself doing, or at least wishing I could do, these things all the time.

Even in Windows 8’s desktop mode, which is still difficult enough to manipulate with touch alone that you’ll probably want a mouse and keyboard, I’m constantly reaching up to that vertical touchscreen surface to grab windows and snap them to either side.

Of course, these things particularly make sense for Windows systems because of how terrible Windows trackpads are on average. We’ve used a few good ones this year, but on the whole they’re buggy and unresponsive, and the touchscreens on these Windows 8 laptops are a breath of fresh air by comparison. Their poor performance certainly contributed to my willingness to give the touchscreen a real try. But even if they weren’t so bad, I think I’d still prefer the direct control I get with the screen. After all, my MacBook Air touchpad is just fine, and I still have to restrain myself from touching its launcher bar from time to time.

Unfortunately, a lot of what makes Windows 8 work well on a touchscreen depends on that screen’s specifications, and not in a positive way. The larger the screen and the lower the resolution, the easier it is for you to use your fingers, because the icons are physically bigger. For instance, I found the 15.6-inch Envy Touchsmart Ultrabook 4 and 14-inch Acer Aspire M5, with 1366 x 768 resolution touchscreen displays, a lot easier to use than the pixel-dense 1080p screens on the 11.6-inch Sony Duo 11, 12.5-inch Dell XPS 12, and 13.3-inch Acer Aspire S7.

At 1080p on a small screen, Windows 8 needs pinch-to-zoom for the entire operating system

The problem is that the same low-resolution of those 1366 x 768 screens on the Envy and Aspire M5 makes the images they display comparatively ugly. Windows 8 doesn’t feel optimized for touch on a small 1080p screen, and even if you turn down the resolution or the DPI to give yourself larger touch targets, most of Windows 8 doesn’t scale very well. In Internet Explorer, you can pinch-to-zoom to quickly make those targets larger, but Microsoft doesn’t offer anything similar for the operating system at large.

Which brings us back to the Mac.


Apple already built a solution for this very problem, starting with the iPhone 4. The Retina Display uses four pixels for each one pixel on a normal screen, making the images crisper but keeping the touch targets the exact same size they were before. Pick up an iPad 2, and put a third- or fourth-generation iPad alongside, and the entire interface is the exact same size, but the newer models display much clearer, crisper images and text thanks to the pixel quadrupling. Apple’s doing the same thing with its new 15-inch and 13-inch MacBook Pro with Retina Display, even though neither model has a touchscreen.

At least not yet.

Apple didn’t build the first MP3 player, the first touchscreen smartphone, the first graphical user interface, the first tablet, or the first solid state drive in a laptop PC. The company typically likes to wait till a technology has matured, but when the industry still hasn’t quite figured out how to use it properly. With touchscreens on laptops, we may be there again. Microsoft might have validated the idea, but now Apple has another chance to swoop in, perfecting and popularizing the very interface that it strategically ridiculed just two years ago. It wouldn’t be the first time. After all, how many iPad minis come with sandpaper for filing fingers down?

Apple could swoop in yet again

When departing Intel CEO Paul Otellini said that Windows 8 was unfinished, this is what I believe he might have meant: Microsoft clearly saw where user interfaces were headed, but stopped short of optimizing its UI for the next generation of touchscreens. If what we’re hearing now is true, though, Microsoft will have a chance to rectify that sooner than you might think. With “Windows Blue,” the company is planning yearly updates for the operating system. If Microsoft can fix UI scaling, figure out a Retina Display alternative, or find other intelligent ways to allow users to consistently touch what they intend to touch, Windows could maintain the touchscreen lead. There’s still a chance for Microsoft to avoid getting leapfrogged by Apple in 2013.

Touch Screen Laptops – What To Look For in a Touch System

When touch screen laptops first came out, the degree of interest was such that numerous wanted to possess one before they even hit the market. The first kinds only featured the screens as the touch screens while the remaining remained the same. Shortly, people started seeing the keyboards being replaced with the touch screen as well.

If you need to buy a touch laptop, allow me to share some guidelines on deciding on the proper type and brand. But before you do, read this: those who like to write and like to possess a ‘feel’ of the real keyboard, shifting on the touch type may well confuse the senses. So before buying, make sure your senses can kick in and adjust. Touch is so different from the usual.

The very first thing that you should examine would must be the monitor itself. Bear in mind that it is very important how the screen is sensitive into the touch. There were numerous complaints by some consumers who were disappointed in the slow response of their laptops. Then there those laptops which hardly respond to a soft touch, sometime they never respond at all. If you have got to buy a laptop, ensure you’re keen on it, not hate it to destruction.

The next thing is to assess how a laptop performs when you operate it. Before you fall for the cheaper laptop, it can be best to check out if the configuration is balanced. Do not get any model which has less than 2GB of RAM as well as a dedicated video card.

Last but not least, many laptop users tend to use their equipment in harsh environs. If you want to work with your equipment in those conditions, it is best to carefully inspect how the construction from the laptop is made. There are some models where the screen swivels. They may perhaps be aesthetically attractive but they may possibly not be the best brand to utilise in harsh environs. Choose heavy duty ones made out of top of the line materials. They might cost a little more than others, but it could be well worth the dollar paid for it.

Caution: there are some screens which don’t do well if they were to be used outside with the sunlight directly above them. This is because the light of the sun could get in conflict with that of the laptop. If your laptop of choice is to be used under the sun, test out the screen outside of the shop you are buying it from.

How Touch Screen Technology Works

Touch screen technology can be mysterious if you ever stop to wonder what really makes a screen recognize your finger, pen, or stylus. As technology advances, touch screens are becoming more popular because they make the user interface more exciting and intuitive for people new to modern tech gadgetry. There are three basic systems used in screens to recognize your touch and at the writing of this article, infrared technology is making its way as the fourth system as well as others in development for different scale products.

The first is a resistive system that uses a conductive and resistive metallic sheet to cover a glass panel. The two layers are held apart by spacers with electrical currents running through both layers when the screen is on. There is also a scratch protection layer that covers the metallic layer to keep the screen from being destroyed too easily. When the user touches the screen, the two layers are forced to touch each other at that spot. There is a change in the electrical field when the contact is made and the coordinates of the point of contact are fed to a computer which calculates where that is on the screen and in turn tells the operating system which determines what a touch on that particular spot means.

The capacitive system is built with a layer that holds an electrical charge right on top of the glass panel. When a finger touches the screen, some of the charge escapes into the finger. The decrease in charge is measured in circuits which are usually located at the corners of the screen. And from the relative change in charge at each corner the computer can calculate what the point of contact was with the finger that released some of the charge.

The surface acoustic wave system uses a pair of transducers along the sides of the glass plate. And reflectors are placed in the glass plate to reflect the electrical signal that is sent from one sending transducer to one receiving transducer. When a finger touches the screen, the electrical signal is disturbed and using two axes the computer can calculate the precise area of contact.

Because the surface acoustic system does not use a metallic plate, it allows 100 percent of light from the monitor through for perfect clarity. As opposed to the resistive system which transmits about 75 percent of the monitors light and the capacitive system which transmits about 90 percent for improved image quality over the resistive system.

Laptop For College: Best Laptops For College Students

As a college student, it’s impossible to survive without a laptop. This is because you need to write essays, do homework, and sometimes take online tests. Due to the importance of the device, it’s paramount that you get the right one. If you are planning of buying a laptop, here are some of the best to go for:

Toshiba chromebook

The device starts at $279; therefore, ideal for a student who is operating on a tight budget. The laptop will allow you to easily complete your school assignments without any problems.

It also has a long battery life; therefore, you won’t have to buy a new battery every now and then. It comes with two USB 3.0 ports; therefore, you can use your flash disk and charge your phone at the same time.

Although, the gadget has the above great features, it’s not ideal for multitasking purposes. This is because it does not have a powerful processor. As a result of this, you should not be surprised when your professor’s online class fails to load on your device.

Samsung Ativ Book 9 Lite

The device has great features such as a stylish design, comfortable keyboard, and a decent battery life. It’s available with a touch screen.

The 13.3-inch ultrabook packs 1,3×768 resolution, 4GB RAM, and quad-core 1GHz AMD A6 APU. These specifications will allow you to handle your school work without any problems; however, you will have problems playing games. This is because the specifications don’t allow the device to play games.

As a student, it’s wise to go for the non-touch screen device as it’s cheaper.

HP G62t series

The series features a 15.6-inch display, standard intel graphics card, dual core processor, and over 350 Gigabytes of hard drive space. Just like the other units, the specifications in the device are enough for intense lectures and take-home projects.

It weighs 5.5 pounds; therefore, you will carry it easily around college. The 51/2 hour battery life means that you have ample time to complete your work even if there is no power.

To ensure that it’s long lasting, the laptop comes with a one year warrant. If you are interested in buying the device, the prices start from $449.


These are newer breeds of laptops that are quickly growing in popularity. The good side with the devices is that they are portable and easy to use. The laptops come with a 7-12 inch screen and allow you to run programs such as Microsoft word, email, and even Photoshop.

Clean LCD Laptop Screen With Isopropyl Alcohol

So our year old laptop’s LCD screen is looking down in the dumps and not so clear anymore. Do we have to buy a new one or what can we do? We can clean it ourselves with things we have around the house, and get that old LCD laptop screen looking brand new once again.

First, dilute isopropyl alcohol, and remember this is different than rubbing alcohol because that can contain oils, with distilled purified water. So that is 50% Isopropyl alcohol and 50% purified water. Bottled water can work here but make sure it is distilled and purified it should say so on the packaging of the water. In the case you do not have the alcohol at home, you can substitute with white wine vinegar that will work just fine.

Second, put the mixture of distilled water with isopropyl alcohol into an atomizer spray bottle, this is the type that has a push down cap. The mist is a bit lighter and you can evenly disperse the mixture on the rag better this way. Do not spray this directly onto the LCD laptop screen as this can get in the cracks and harm the hardware of the notebook.

Next, get a clean cloth and spray lightly from the bottle a few mist sprays. But make sure this cloth will not shed and is lint free as fabric professionals call it. Do not worry many clothes are and your cotton t-shirt in your bedroom upstairs will work just fine. A larger T-shirt is better than a small rag because you do not want the pressure of your fingers leaving steaks on the clean LCD laptop screen now do you?

And then begin to wipe the wet cloth across the lcd laptop screen to get it clean and take off all the grease and smudges. Do this in a circular type motion very slowly being sure to cover all corners of the LCD screen. Make it a point not to touch the lcd laptop screen with your fingers.

Lastly, leave the laptop lcd screen open so that it can air dry and any left over moisture can evaporate naturally. Later return back to see the results of the like new looking clean laptop LCD screen.

Foldable Touch Screen Laptop

Computers have come a long way ever since its advent in the modern times. A long time ago, people are merely contented with having a personal computer unit at home. But as always, necessity is the mother of innovation and as time progresses people’s needs also grows more complex in demand. The need for computers these days are indispensable and in every field of profession, or even other non-professional purposes, computers have already been an inevitable reality.

Thus, computers are not only limited to clerical work. In fact, with the growing demand for special effects and visual modifications, the use of computer requires enormous resources of it, with its latest technological advancement. A lot of movies today have a dire need for digital modification that only the latest computer technologies are capable of fixing.

There are other jobs that require a person to be constantly moving from one place to another, and by that I do not mean simply from city-to-city destination. Some people need to constantly travel to different countries and, to an extent, avoid permanent residence in their line of work. Some people would need to go to places far away from civilization, like the crew in National Geographic Channel or Discovery Channel. These areas they almost always feature in their programs neither have electricity or internet connections. But they make it all possible these days with the use of laptops and USB internet portals.

As far as computer technology goes, laptops and smart phones are the most indispensable of all. Laptops are mobile and they do not necessarily need constant reliance to power outlet in order to be working. People get to use computers in places where they normally do not thrive. As far as the laptops are concerned, there is no place too uncivilized or hostile to not go on working. Laptops are far more superior than personal computer units, especially with our recent technology.

Laptop innovation kept evolving since its existence. One model outfaces another at a very rapid pace. In fact, it is even difficult to get updated with the latest model around. Some laptops models evolve in their design. Some versions have more high tech software features compared to its predecessors. They also evolve into something that is smaller in size, and therefore more portable. Thus it is called the mini laptop or netbook.

But laptop evolution takes on another big step coming next year with its latest idea. The Foldable Touch Screen Laptop speaks for itself. Like origami, it can literally really be folded. Furthermore, this model sports a touchscreen device where it no longer needs a mouse cursor to toggle on commands. The keyboard is also operated by touchscreen technology and it, with the letters and commands displayed in illuminated white in case one uses it in dark places. This new technology also features the same software devices from the Wii laptop for all the gamers who owns this particular model. This laptop can easily be mistaken as a pocketbook or a wallet if it is folded into its minimum size. This laptop concept is originally coming from a Brazilian product designer, Vinicius Zarpelon.

What Is a Touch Screen?

The invention of the Touch Screen has truly changed the way we use our gadgets daily. Every gadget works on the same fundamental principal since they all feature a computer or a simple processing device integrated which is actually the brain inside the gadget. The user inputs a command or instruction into the gadget using an input device, the computer within it processes these instructions and displays the results by using an output device. Thus it is basically a way for us to communicate with our devices and tell it the things we need it to do. Whether it’s a phone, computer or some kind of automated machinery each of them work on the same principle.

These devices used a keypad, keyboard or even a pointing device such as a mouse to allow users to enter an input in the past. Such type of input did wonders and still does, however we are now living in the Twenty-first century and we have at our disposal an innovative new form of input device known as touch screen. A touch screen eliminates the requirement for an external keyboard or pointing device. It allows you and me to use touch to navigate on the screen itself. Feel free to use your fingers to touch icons and type with the on screen keyboard. What this means is you can eliminate the clickity clack of an keyboard that might sometimes be annoying.

The touch screen entered main stream technology in the 2000’s.Though the first touch screen was designed by E.A. Johnson around 1965 it became popular and witnessed wide scale integration into gadgets after 2002. You may credit Apple computers for ushering in the touch screen generation by introducing it in the revolutionary iPhone. I remember when I bought my first generation iPhone a few years ago; my mother could not believe it was a phone. She thought it was one amongst the useless, unwanted gadgets that I spend all of my money on. She could not envision a phone with out a keypad to dial the number until I personally showed her what exactly the people at apple computers had done. I believe apple placed the only home screen button on the phone purposely to let people recognize that they did not need keypads and buttons anymore.

In modern times touch sensitive screens are widely-used as the preferred input device in almost every new computer or gadget. Touch screen are already utilized in ATMs, information kiosks, watches, medical equipment, in-flight entertainment systems, navigation and audio systems, machinery control terminals in factories and phones. You name an electronic device and chances are you will easily find one that has a touch screen embedded in it.

Touch screens have been responsible for bringing in the new generation of computers. The laptop replaced the desktop because of portability and mobility. We now have tablet computers replacing laptops. Tablets use the screen as the primary input device; you don’t have a keyboard or track pad. You will not need a stylus either all you need are your fingers. These screens are equipped for recognizing multi gestures which mean you can use one or more fingers simultaneously to type or touch icons to launch programs.

Microsoft was the first to make a foray into tablet computers in 2002 by launching the Windows XP tablet edition but it was not widely accepted by consumers. The main reason for this may have been because in addition to the touch screen you also required the external keyboard. The iPad was the culprit for making tablet computer liked by consumers. It did not feature a keypad and just like the iPhone had only one button since there wasn’t any need for buttons and keys.

They are certainly not fragile input devices anymore, the modern generation of gorilla glass 2 makes touchscreens fairly durable and protects them from scratches. You no longer need to be concerned about scratches on screen in case you put your smartphone in your pocket with your keys and coins.

A touch screen truly reminds me of that famous Michelangelo painting on the roof of the Sistine chapel known as creation of Adam. The touch screen makes us feel like gods as we can control a powerful computer or machinery only with use of our fingertips.